Atherosclerosis. 2023 Oct 18;386:117356. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2023.117356. Online ahead of print.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, highlighting the limitations of current primary and secondary prevention frameworks. In this review, we detail how the polygenic risk score for CAD can improve our current preventive and treatment frameworks across three clinical applications that span the life course: (i) identification and treatment of people at increased risk early in the life course prior to the onset of clinical risk factors, (ii) improving the precision around risk estimation in middle age, and (ii) guiding treatment decisions and enabling more efficient clinical trials even after the onset of CAD. We end by summarizing the efforts needed as we head towards more widespread use of polygenic risk score for CAD in clinical practice.