medRxiv [Preprint]. 2024 Feb 27:2024.02.25.24303343. doi: 10.1101/2024.02.25.24303343.


Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the US, and the number of attributable deaths continues to increase. Risk of suicide-related behaviors (SRBs) is dynamic, and SRBs can occur across a continuum of time and locations. However, current SRB risk assessment methods, whether conducted by clinicians or through machine learning models, treat SRB risk as static and are confined to specific times and locations, such as following a hospital visit. Such a paradigm is unrealistic as SRB risk fluctuates and creates time gaps in the availability of risk scores. Here, we develop two closely related model classes, Event-GRU-ODE and Event-GRU-Discretized, that can predict the dynamic risk of events as a continuous trajectory based on Neural ODEs, an advanced AI model class for time series prediction. As such, these models can estimate changes in risk across the continuum of future time points, even without new observations, and can update these estimations as new data becomes available. We train and validate these models for SRB prediction using a large electronic health records database. Both models demonstrated high discrimination performance for SRB prediction (e.g., AUROC > 0.92 in the full, general cohort), serving as an initial step toward developing novel and comprehensive suicide prevention strategies based on dynamic changes in risk.

PMID:38464260 | PMC:PMC10925370 | DOI:10.1101/2024.02.25.24303343