Hum Gene Ther. 2024 May 8. doi: 10.1089/hum.2023.223. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

The ongoing advancements in CRISPR-Cas technologies can significantly accelerate the preclinical development of both in vivo and ex-vivo organ genome-editing therapeutics. One of the promising applications is to genetically modify donor organs prior to implantation. The implantation of optimized donor organs with long-lasting immunomodulatory capacity holds promise for reducing the need for lifelong potent whole-body immunosuppression in recipients However, assessing genome-targeting interventions in a clinically-relevant manner prior to clinical trials remains a major challenge due to the limited modalities available. This study introduces a novel platform for testing genome editing in human lungs ex vivo, effectively simulating pre-implantation genetic engineering of donor organs. We identified gene regulatory elements whose disruption via Cas nucleases led to the upregulation of the immunomodulatory gene IL-10. We combined this approach with adenoviral vector (AdV)-mediated IL-10 delivery to create favorable kinetics for early (immediate post-implantation) graft immunomodulation. Using ex-vivo organ machine perfusion and precision-cut tissue slice technology, we demonstrated the feasibility of evaluating CRISPR genome editing in human lungs. To overcome the assessment limitations in ex-vivo perfused human organs, we conducted an in vivo rodent study and demonstrated both early gene induction and sustained editing of the lung. Collectively, our findings lay the groundwork for a first-in-human-organ study to overcome the current translational barriers of genome-targeting therapeutics.

PMID:38717950 | DOI:10.1089/hum.2023.223