Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2024 May 28;121(22):e2401729121. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2401729121. Epub 2024 May 20.

ABSTRACT

O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is an essential mammalian enzyme that glycosylates myriad intracellular proteins and cleaves the transcriptional coregulator Host Cell Factor 1 to regulate cell cycle processes. Via these catalytic activities as well as noncatalytic protein-protein interactions, OGT maintains cell homeostasis. OGT’s tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domain is important in substrate recognition, but there is little information on how changing the TPR domain impacts its cellular functions. Here, we investigate how altering OGT’s TPR domain impacts cell growth after the endogenous enzyme is deleted. We find that disrupting the TPR residues required for OGT dimerization leads to faster cell growth, whereas truncating the TPR domain slows cell growth. We also find that OGT requires eight of its 13 TPRs to sustain cell viability. OGT-8, like the nonviable shorter OGT variants, is mislocalized and has reduced Ser/Thr glycosylation activity; moreover, its interactions with most of wild-type OGT’s binding partners are broadly attenuated. Therefore, although OGT’s five N-terminal TPRs are not essential for cell viability, they are required for proper subcellular localization and for mediating many of OGT’s protein-protein interactions. Because the viable OGT truncation variant we have identified preserves OGT’s essential functions, it may facilitate their identification.

PMID:38768345 | DOI:10.1073/pnas.2401729121