BMJ Neurol Open. 2024 May 8;6(1):e000593. doi: 10.1136/bmjno-2023-000593. eCollection 2024.


BACKGROUND: Educational attainment is a critical social determinant of health that impacts the risk and severity of incident ischaemic stroke, but less is known of its impact on intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). The objective of this study is to determine whether educational attainment is associated with ICH severity and short-term prognosis.

METHODS: Subjects were enrolled in a prospectively ascertained cohort with primary ICH from 1994 to 2020 at Massachusetts General Hospital. Educational attainment, medical history of ICH risk factors, ICH volume and ICH score were obtained on admission. The primary outcomes were ICH volume and the ICH score.

RESULTS: Of 2539 eligible patients eligible, the median age of the sample was 74 (IQR 64-82) and 2159 (85%) had high school-only education. 1655 (65%) presented with an ICH volume less than or equal to 30 mL and 1744 (69%) presented with an ICH score less than 3. In multivariable logistic regression analyses controlling for age, income, employment history and prestroke diagnoses of hypertension and coronary artery disease, patients with high school-only education were more likely to have an ICH volume greater than 30 mL compared with college diplomates (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.08) and more likely to have an ICH score of 3 or greater compared with college diplomates (OR 2.37, 95% CI 1.77 to 3.19).

DISCUSSION: Prestroke educational attainment is independently associated with ICH severity and short-term prognosis, with lower educational attainment associated with larger ICH volumes and higher ICH scores. Future studies should examine how educational attainment impacts exposure to traditional clinical risk factors.

PMID:38736584 | PMC:PMC11085696 | DOI:10.1136/bmjno-2023-000593