Neurol Sci. 2024 May 21. doi: 10.1007/s10072-024-07560-2. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is attributable to cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD), which includes cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) and hypertensive-cSVD (HTN-cSVD). HTN-cSVD includes patients with strictly deep ICH/microbleeds and mixed location ICH/microbleeds, the latter representing a more severe form of HTN-cSVD. We test the hypothesis that more severe forms of HTN-cSVD are related to worse hypertension control in long-term follow-up after ICH.

METHODS: From consecutive non-traumatic ICH patients admitted to a tertiary care center, we classified the ICH as CAA, strictly deep ICH/microbleeds, and mixed-location ICH/microbleeds. CSVD burden was quantified using a validated MRI-based score (range: 0-6 points). We created a multivariable (linear mixed effects) model adjusting for age, sex, race, year of inclusion, hypertension, and antihypertensive medication usage to investigate the association of average systolic blood pressure (SBP) during follow-up with cSVD etiology/severity.

RESULTS: 796 ICH survivors were followed for a median of 48.8 months (IQR 41.5-60.4). CAA-related ICH survivors (n = 373) displayed a lower median SBP (138 mmHg, IQR 133-142 mmHg) compared to those of strictly deep ICH (n = 222, 141 mmHg, IQR 136-143 mmHg, p = 0.04), and mixed location ICH/microbleeds (n = 201, 142 mmHg, IQR 135-144 mmHg, p = 0.02). In the multivariable analysis, mixed location ICH/microbleeds (effect: + 3.8 mmHg, SE: 1.3 mmHg, p = 0.01) and increasing cSVD severity (+ 1.8 mmHg per score point, SE: 0.8 mmHg, p = 0.03) were associated with higher SBP in follow-up.

CONCLUSION: CSVD severity and subtype predicts long-term hypertension control in ICH patients.

PMID:38772978 | DOI:10.1007/s10072-024-07560-2