Pediatr Diabetes. 2023;2023:8883199. doi: 10.1155/2023/8883199. Epub 2023 May 24.


Metformin is the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth but with limited sustained glycemic response. To identify common variants associated with metformin response, we used a genome-wide approach in 506 youth from the Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth (TODAY) study and examined the relationship between T2D partitioned polygenic scores (pPS), glycemic traits, and metformin response in these youth. Several variants met a suggestive threshold (P < 1 × 10-6), though none including published adult variants reached genome-wide significance. We pursued replication of top nine variants in three cohorts, and rs76195229 in ATRNL1 was associated with worse metformin response in the Metformin Genetics Consortium (n = 7,812), though statistically not being significant after Bonferroni correction (P = 0.06). A higher β-cell pPS was associated with a lower insulinogenic index (P = 0.02) and C-peptide (P = 0.047) at baseline and higher pPS related to two insulin resistance processes were associated with increased C-peptide at baseline (P = 0.04,0.02). Although pPS were not associated with changes in glycemic traits or metformin response, our results indicate a trend in the association of the β-cell pPS with reduced β-cell function over time. Our data show initial evidence for genetic variation associated with metformin response in youth with T2D.

PMID:38590442 | PMC:PMC11000826 | DOI:10.1155/2023/8883199