medRxiv [Preprint]. 2024 Mar 5:2024.03.01.24303485. doi: 10.1101/2024.03.01.24303485.

ABSTRACT

The ADAT2/ADAT3 complex catalyzes the adenosine to inosine modification at the wobble position of eukaryotic tRNAs. Mutations in ADAT3 , the catalytically inactive subunit of the ADAT2/ADAT3 complex, have been identified in patients presenting with severe neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Yet, the physiological function of ADAT2/ADAT3 complex during brain development remains totally unknown. Here we showed that maintaining a proper level of ADAT2/ADAT3 catalytic activity is required for correct radial migration of projection neurons in the developing mouse cortex. In addition, we not only reported 7 new NDD patients carrying biallelic variants in ADAT3 but also deeply characterize the impact of those variants on ADAT2/ADAT3 structure, biochemical properties, enzymatic activity and tRNAs editing and abundance. We demonstrated that all the identified variants alter both the expression and the activity of the complex leading to a significant decrease of I 34 with direct consequence on their steady-state. Using in vivo complementation assays, we correlated the severity of the migration phenotype with the degree of the loss of function caused by the variants. Altogether, our results indicate a critical role of ADAT2/ADAT3 during cortical development and provide cellular and molecular insights into the pathogenicity of ADAT3-related neurodevelopmental disorder.

PMID:38496416 | PMC:PMC10942499 | DOI:10.1101/2024.03.01.24303485