Neurooncol Adv. 2024 Feb 16;6(1):vdae024. doi: 10.1093/noajnl/vdae024. eCollection 2024 Jan-Dec.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: NF2-associated meningiomas are progressive, highly morbid, and nonresponsive to chemotherapies, highlighting the need for improved treatments. We have established aberrant activation of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in NF2-deficient tumors, leading to clinical trials with first- and second-generation mTOR inhibitors. However, results have been mixed, showing stabilized tumor growth without shrinkage offset by adverse side effects. To address these limitations, here we explored the potential of third-generation, bi-steric mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitors using the preclinical tool compound RMC-6272.

METHODS: Employing human NF2-deficient meningioma lines, we compared mTOR inhibitors rapamycin (first-generation), INK128 (second-generation), and RMC-6272 (third-generation) using in vitro dose-response testing, cell-cycle analysis, and immunoblotting. Furthermore, the efficacy of RMC-6272 was assessed in NF2-null 3D-spheroid meningioma models, and its in vivo potential was evaluated in 2 orthotopic meningioma mouse models.

RESULTS: Treatment of meningioma cells revealed that, unlike rapamycin, RMC-6272 demonstrated superior growth inhibitory effects, cell-cycle arrest, and complete inhibition of phosphorylated 4E-BP1 (mTORC1 readout). Moreover, RMC-6272 had a longer retention time than INK128 and inhibited the expression of several eIF4E-sensitive targets on the protein level. RMC-6272 treatment of NF2 spheroids showed significant shrinkage in size as well as reduced proliferation. Furthermore, in vivo studies in mice revealed effective blockage of meningioma growth by RMC-6272, compared with vehicle controls.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study in preclinical models of NF2 supports possible future clinical evaluation of third-generation, investigational mTORC1 inhibitors, such as RMC-5552, as a potential treatment strategy for NF2.

PMID:38476930 | PMC:PMC10929445 | DOI:10.1093/noajnl/vdae024