medRxiv [Preprint]. 2024 May 9:2024.05.08.24307013. doi: 10.1101/2024.05.08.24307013.

ABSTRACT

Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a fluid maculopathy whose etiology is not well understood. Abnormal choroidal veins in CSC patients have been shown to have similarities with varicose veins. To identify potential mechanisms, we analyzed genotype data from 1,477 CSC patients and 455,449 controls in FinnGen. We identified an association for a low-frequency (AF=0.5%) missense variant (rs113791087) in the gene encoding vascular endothelial protein tyrosine phosphatase (VE-PTP) (OR=2.85, P=4.5×10 -9 ). This was confirmed in a meta-analysis of 2,452 CSC patients and 865,767 controls from 4 studies (OR=3.06, P=7.4×10 -15 ). Rs113791087 was associated with a 56% higher prevalence of retinal abnormalities (35.3% vs 22.6%, P=8.0×10 -4 ) in 708 UK Biobank participants and, surprisingly, with varicose veins (OR=1.31, P=2.3×10 -11 ) and glaucoma (OR=0.82, P=6.9×10 -9 ). Predicted loss-of-function variants in VEPTP, though rare in number, were associated with CSC in All of Us (OR=17.10, P=0.018). These findings highlight the significance of VE-PTP in diverse ocular and systemic vascular diseases.

PMID:38766240 | PMC:PMC11100937 | DOI:10.1101/2024.05.08.24307013