Diabetes Care. 2024 Apr 23:dc232274. doi: 10.2337/dc23-2274. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To identify genetic risk factors for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a multiancestry time-to-event genome-wide association study for incident CVD among people with T2D. We also tested 204 known coronary artery disease (CAD) variants for association with incident CVD.

RESULTS: Among 49,230 participants with T2D, 8,956 had incident CVD events (event rate 18.2%). We identified three novel genetic loci for incident CVD: rs147138607 (near CACNA1E/ZNF648, hazard ratio [HR] 1.23, P = 3.6 × 10-9), rs11444867 (near HS3ST1, HR 1.89, P = 9.9 × 10-9), and rs335407 (near TFB1M/NOX3, HR 1.25, P = 1.5 × 10-8). Among 204 known CAD loci, 5 were associated with incident CVD in T2D (multiple comparison-adjusted P < 0.00024, 0.05/204). A standardized polygenic score of these 204 variants was associated with incident CVD with HR 1.14 (P = 1.0 × 10-16).

CONCLUSIONS: The data point to novel and known genomic regions associated with incident CVD among individuals with T2D.

PMID:38652672 | DOI:10.2337/dc23-2274