Mayo Clin Proc. 2024 Jan 5:S0025-6196(23)00464-0. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2023.09.016. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contemporary trends of lipid concentrations, cholesterol evaluation, hypercholesterolemia awareness, and statin use among individuals with severe dyslipidemia (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C] level ≥190 mg/dL) between 2011 and 2020.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This serial cross-sectional analysis included nonpregnant adults ≥20 years of age from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2011 and 2020. Age-adjusted weighted trends of LDL-C, triglycerides, cholesterol evaluation in the past 5 years, hypercholesterolemia awareness, and documented statin use among individuals with severe dyslipidemia were estimated.

RESULTS: Among 24,722 participants included, the prevalence of severe dyslipidemia was 5.4% (SE: 0.2%) which was stable across the study period (Ptrend=.78). Among individuals with severe dyslipidemia (mean age: 55.3 [SE: 0.7] years; 52.2% females; 68.8% non-Hispanic White), LDL-C (224.3 [SE: 4.2] mg/dL in 2011-2012 to 224.2 [SE: 4.6] mg/dL in 2017-2020; Ptrend =.83), and triglyceride (123.3 [SE: 1.1] mg/dL in 2011-2012 to 101.8 [SE: 1.1] mg/dL in 2017-2020; Ptrend=.13), levels remained stable from 2011 to 2020. The rates of cholesterol evaluation in the past 5 years (72.0% [SE: 5.7%] in 2011-2012 to 78.0% [SE: 4.8%] in 2017-2020; Ptrend=.91), hypercholesterolemia awareness (48.1% [SE: 5.5%] in 2011-2012 to 51.9% [SE: 5.8%] in 2017- 2020; Ptrend=.77), and documented statin use (34.7% [SE: 4.5%] in 2011-2012 to 33.4% [SE: 4.0%] in 2017-2020; Ptrend=.28) remained stagnant in individuals with severe dyslipidemia between 2011 and 2020.

CONCLUSION: Among individuals with severe dyslipidemia, cholesterol evaluation and hypercholesterolemia awareness rates were stable at ∼75% and ∼50% in the past decade. Only ∼34% of individuals with severe dyslipidemia took statins between 2011 and 2020, which likely contributed to the stable LDL-C levels noted across the study period. Further investigations into the determinants of statin use and adherence to statins are needed.

PMID:38189687 | DOI:10.1016/j.mayocp.2023.09.016